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郑州托福培训分享提高写作改写能力的技巧!

发布人:环美出国    发布时间:2017-04-28

  大家都知道,在托福综合写作中,考生需要综合考试中给出的阅读和听力内容来自己写出一篇文章。然而,很多考生在写作中,却一味的抄写阅读中的内容、复制听力内容,这样是不会得高分的,因为托福综合写作需要改写能力。所以今天我们就主要分析下托福综合写作中如何提高改写能力。

  其实主要分为两方面:对词汇的改写和对句子的改写。下面我们详细来分析:

  改写技巧一:使用不同的词汇

  使用不同的承接词,例如because of 可转换为due to, owing to, because, as, since, for;而but可改写为 however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas

  形容词的逆向表达Not uncommon 可改写为common;The cheapest 可改写为the least expensive

  使用同义词Important 可改写为essential, crucial, vital, significant

  Nowadays 可改写为currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days

  改写技巧二:使用不同的句型

  1.改变词序

  例如:For many years, people have believed A.

  那我们可以改变状语的位置变为People believed A for many years

  2. 主动语态和被动语态的相互替换

  例如:Trained scientists performed this research.

  可变为This research was performed by trained scientists.

  3定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换

  例如: Study…, conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  可变为Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  改写能力的提高是通过练习来实现的,对于这个部分的练习,需要考生在平时阅读英文文章的时候,就多进行相关的总结和练习。下面我们看一篇具体文章中的例子:

  1. Scientists have conducted experiments to determine whether changes in oxygen levels cause people to yawn.

  对于这个句子的改写,我们可以采用同义词的替换和主动被动的转换,如下:

  Researchers have performed studies to figure out if yawning is caused by differences in oxygen levels.

  2. From these results, we can conclude that yawning does little to regulate the brain temperature.

  可采用改变词序和替换词来改写. 如下:

  We can conclude that yawning has nothing to do with the brain temperature based on these findings.

  今后大家在写作中应加强练习这些改写方法,这样才能更好地应用,达到获取高分的目的。
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