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托福阅读题型技巧,走到这一步必须这样做

发布人:环美出国    发布时间:2019-07-31

   托福阅读中的推断题和细节题对考生来说都不陌生,这两类的题目是托福阅读考试中容易出错的题目。解答这两类题需要掌握一定的技巧。

  一. 托福推断题和细节题有什么不同

   先看这两类题的相同点,两类题的都会涉及一些原文的内容,需要先去定位题目中的重要信息,从题上可以看出两类比较相似。两类题的做题方法也是不一样的,推断题需要从中分析总结出技巧, 结合两篇文章从分析出的观点中找出答案。找细节是相对容易些的,只有在原文中找出相对应的准确位置就能找到答案。

   二. 托福阅读细节题解题技巧

   细节题被称为信息题,刚开始做题的时候先对原文的对应内容找答案即可,不需要过多的对上下文进行分析。如何才能快速的的找到对象的细节内容呢,那就是找关键词。关键词可以帮我们在定位题目的位置,能从段落中找出细节题就不要定位细节选项位置了,此时需要去对比选项和原文。从原文中快速的找段落的同义句位置,选出正确的答案、举一个例子托福官方真题Official第54套中第一篇阅读文章第二题:

 According to paragraph 1, all of the following characteristics of pine made it a desirable material for building in nineteenth-century America EXCEPT:

A. It was long lasting.

B. It was relatively easy to transport.

C. Its softness made it easy to work with.

D. It produced buildings that were especially attractive.

大家在做这道题的时候,要注意大写的“EXCEPT”,也就是说要找到不包含的信息,我们要迅速在文章第一段定位同义句。下面是官方真题Official第54套第一段原文:

   In nineteenth-century America, practically everything that was built involved wood. Pine was especially attractive for building purposes.It is durable and strong(A), yet soft enough to be easily worked with even the simplest of hand tools(B).It also floats nicely on water, which allowed it to be transported to distant markets across the nation(C). The central and northern reaches of the Great Lakes states—Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota—all contained extensive pine forests as well as many large rivers for floating logs into the Great Lakes, from where they were transported nationwide.

   迅速定位选项同义句以后,我们就能找到答案了,正确答案是D。大家不要被“Pine was especially attractive for building purposes.”这句话迷惑了,仔细分析后你会发现,它和D选项表达的是完全不同的两种意思。

三. 托福阅读推断题解题技巧

    托福阅读推断题要比托福的找细节题要难一些,细节题是从原文中对应的位置找就可以了,但是推断题是需要结合文章的主题进行推断的。先来说说定义一道推断题,推断题往往题干中会包含“infer、suggest、imply、indicate”等单词。推断题需要快速定位而且还需要找到相关的正确的内容,结合文章给出的信息推断出合理的选项。另外,推断题还分为正向推断和逆向推断,正向推断是找出相对应的句子关系,逆向推断是找出相对于的内容。下面我们来看个具体的例子,仍然是以官方真题Official54套第一篇阅读为例,第四题为推断题:

What can be inferred from paragraph 2 about timber in America before the year 1860?

A. Farmers of the American West earned most of their income by selling timber to newly arrived settlers.

B. Timber came primarily from farmers who wished to supplement their income.

C. Timber was much more expensive before the year 1860 because it was less readily available.

D. Timber came primarily from large manufacturing companies in the East.
   根据题干发现“inferred from”,题干的意思已经在的第二段中了,我们就直接从第二段中看。每一项都要进行具体的分析,A选项可以定位到“No longer were farmers in search of extra income the main source for shingles, firewood, and other wood products.”所以农民已经不依靠销售木料增加收入了,A项错误。B选项可以要通过逆向推断来得知,原文中说到“1870年农民不再通过木质产品增加收入”,所以可推断出木材来源主要在于一些农民想要增加收入。C和D选项通过与原文内容对比也都不符合原文中的意思。C选项原文中并未提及,D选项与B冲突,故为错误选项。

   托福阅读题目中的推断其和细节部分需要从托福的阅读原文中找答案,细节一定要在原文的内容中找,只要定位好确定信息就能做对答案,推理题要注意逻辑关系,通过文章提供的细节推断出合理的答案,而且要定位文章的信息对比推理。

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