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托福高分阅读不要触碰这个点,抓住文章段落可不是得分那么简单

发布人:环美出国    发布时间:2019-07-22

   托福文章在练习上来说有很多的知识点学习,其中知识点上的生词和句式都是在后期学习在听力、口语、写作上才会用的上的。文章中段落也有一些闪光点,下面就让小编为大家实例讲解其中的阅读文章段落精读精选方法。


   托福阅读备考为何要做段落精读?

   文章也就那么点东西掌握住段落的划分,总结出文章的出题规律,抓住文章中的逻辑关系结构的出题点。

   托福阅读备考段落精读要点实例讲解

   1. 快速找出并理解段落中心句

   段落的精读第一就是抓住文章中的要点,迅速找出段落的中心思想语句,首段当机立断不要过多的关注。只关注其中的首尾句,极少的情况中心段落才在中间出现,以下面这个段落为例。

   Psychological researchers generally recognize that facial expressions reflect emotional states. In fact, various emotional states give rise to certain patterns of electrical activity in the facial muscles and in the brain. The facial-feedback hypothesis argues, however, that the causal relationship between emotions and facial expressions can also work in the opposite direction. According to this hypothesis, signals from the facial muscles (“feedback”) are sent back to emotion centers of the brain, and so a person’s facial expression can influence that person’s emotional state. Consider Darwin’s words: “The free expression by outward signs of an emotion intensifies it. On the other hand, the repression, as far as possible, of all outward signs softens our emotions.” Can smiling give rise to feelings of good will, for example, and frowning to anger? (官方指南OG “The Expression of Emotions”)

   不看不知道一看吓一跳,刚开始的段落只是解释了一个非常普通的看法而已,第二句也是对这个看法的进一步的解释,正真的中心与是在第三句中,提出的看法是面部反馈的假设,这个看法才是在文中的延伸点,如果仔细的精读会发现类似的现象的,充分理解这种段落的写作逻辑。

 

   2. 关注段落中逻辑关系词结构

   段落精读的第二个要点就是关注段落中含逻辑关系词的结构,比如转折结构、因果结构、平行结构、连续列举结构等,这些结构往往都是托福阅读考试的出题点。笔者建议考生在精读时用记号标出这些结构的信号词,对其前后的文字加以研读,并与后面的题目进行对照,摸索阅读出题的规律。这里以“转折结构”为例作为示范。

   According to conventional theory, yawning takes place when people are bored or sleepy and serves the function of increasing alertness by reversing, through deeper breathing, the drop in blood oxygen levels that are caused by the shallow breathing that accompanies lack of sleep or boredom. Unfortunately, the few scientific investigations of yawning have failed to find any connection between how often someone yawns and how much sleep they have had or how tired they are. About the closest any research has come to supporting the tiredness theory is to confirm that adults yawn more often on weekdays than at weekends, and that school children yawn more frequently in their first year at primary school than they do in kindergarten. (官方模考真题18 “The Mystery of Yawning”)

   考生在精读本段落时,要特别注意本段中的Unfortunately,它是转折的信号词之一,引起了前后信息的转折,后面的句子对本段开头的传统理论(conventional theory)作出了反驳,意思是“但遗憾的是,关于打哈欠的仅有的几项科学研究并没有找到打哈欠的频率与个人睡眠时长或者疲劳程度之间的任何关联。”考生可以划出这个转折结构的句子,然后再跟后面的题目进行对照,看看是否针对这句话出题。对照之后,考生会发现有一道事实信息题与这句话有密切的关系。之后,考生还可以在脑海里再回忆下转折结构的信号词除了unfortunately还有哪些,比如还有but、however、yet、nevertheless、while、whereas等,以后读段落或做题时可以多注意这些地方。

   托福的文章段落精选精读要的就是耐心和恒心,不仔细从文章找到中心句,得分的机率也不会很大,所以良好的习惯才是最重要的。

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