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开头结尾、中间段全面覆盖

发布人:环美出国    发布时间:2019-06-24

   雅思大作文的结尾段意义其实远比Ielts想象得大的,好的开头结尾不仅能锦上添花还能期待挽救整篇文章的功效,因为一个漂亮的而干脆的结尾可以呼应开头,能将一篇文章出现小的瑕疵给遮盖掉,如果想写这样的作文的话那么就一起来看看雅思大作文结尾段的圆满写法。

   雅思作文结尾段烂招应急方法
   考试时时间过的巨快,在双重的压力下会出现没来的及写完末端,以下我就考试支招了,写下In conclusion, I personally believe that ……, 在省略号部分抄上原题的观点。比如最近有一道考题:Some people think that economic progress is the most important way to measure a country's success. Other people think other factors are also important. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

   在剩下最后一分钟时写下:In conclusion, personally, I believe that economic progress is not the most important way to measure a country’s success, and other facts must be taken into consideration.

   这个末端给人一种强烈的“扣题”感,没有什么就是紧扣题目了。

   雅思大作文结尾段写法高招-体现缜密思维
“烂招”在某种程度还是可以使用的,但对于能写好点学生来说,想要写出“圆满的回响”,这个词是我们接下来讨论的关键。我们必须区分“repeat”和“echo””的末段,那就要明白一个道理:有始才有终,善始才能善终!映射到雅思的作文上,这句话的意思是:写好了首段和主体段,才能够写出“圆满”的末段。下面给各位烤鸭仔细分析一下末段与首段之间的关系,末段与主体段之间的关系。

   首先需要给大家介绍一个词汇——回响,英文对应为echo,名词表示“回声”,动词表。Echo表示意义一致,但是使用不同的说法让读者能够想起前面陈述过的内容,而低级repeat指的是copy,高级repeat指的是paraphrase。

   圆满的末段做到“首尾呼应”

   雅思大作文末段回响首段立场

(The concluding paragraph echoes the thesis statement in the opening paragraph)

   大部分的考生都已经达到一种共识:在大作文的首段给出自己对话题的立场(take a clear position),这其实就是全文的主题思想thesis statement。文章剩余部分的使命就是论证主题思想的合理性,使用解释,举例,对比等方式论证。对于这个使命,雅思大作文结尾段的贡献在哪里呢?

   末段不能再引入新的论据,而是通过总结性质再次提出自己的立场,告知读者使命已经完成。我们以C8T1的考官范文为例。

   Some people think that parents should teach children how to be a good member of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

   考官在首段提出了自己的立场“Therefore, this can not be the responsibility of the parent alone”这个thesis经过主体段的辩证论证之后,作者在末段写上了“and it is the responsibility of every member of a sciety to take responsibility for helping the younger generation to become active and able member of thatsociety.”

   有的考生可能会讲这不就是“paraphrase the thesis in the opening paragraph”吗?笔者认为不是的。在写末段时切记“Do not, in any case, simply restate your thesis statement in your final paragraph, as that would be redundant. Having read your essay, we should understand this main thought with fresh and deeper understanding ”对比以上考官的两句话,我们就能够明白“deeper understanding”。“把孩子教程积极向上,有能力有理想的公民不是家长和老师可以互相推诿的责任,而是整个社会的不可推卸的责任”,这比首段的立场要深刻很多。

圆满的雅思大作文末段做到“余音绕梁”

末段回响主体段要点

“余音绕梁”对于问题解决型的文章尤为重要。以C8T3的一篇考官范文为例:

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

   本题有两问,考官在首段先回答了第一问“Solving this problem is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.” 这一立场在第二段中得到充分的论证,从而也有了回答第二个问题的基础——给出其他能够解决交通问题的方案。在文中,考官提出“develop cleaner fuels”和 “improve public transport”这两个方案。

   末段不能再提出新的方案,“It is a good idea to recapitulate what you said in order to suggest to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to accomplish.”。 所以考官写道“I think the long term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems”考官在末段中做到了“首尾呼应”——“the reduction depend on …”照应了首段的“Solving this problem is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.”,“余音绕梁”——在此提及“public transport”和比较隐晦的提及“cleaner fuels”.

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