出国留学语言提分专家

河南雅思模考中心

咨询热线

0371-8709-1556

0371-8709-1556

当前位置:首页 > 环美动态

环美动态

同义、数词僻义替换技巧

发布人:环美出国    发布时间:2019-06-18

   雅思听力考试的各项考试中都包含同义词替换的内动,今天下编给大家整理了雅思同义词替换:阅读同义词替换方式解析,希望对大家有所帮助,更多雅思同义词替换内容,欢迎随时关注环美出国雅思网,后期会有更多的雅思解题技巧。

 雅思语言考试是雅思考官们在设置题目的时候一种出题思路,通过英语的语言形式给体现出来,这就是雅思语言。如果熟悉雅思语言,也就了解雅思的出题套路了。在了解雅思的出题思路之后再去做题的话就不再漫无目的的刷题了。但是“雅思语言”最直接最简单粗暴的呈现方式,当然也是雅思考试中最常见的一种出题方式,这种很多时候对应的出题模式,考生会在填空题的题目中见的比较多,在填空类的题目中考时只要能够识别空格前后实词的同义替换,就能很轻松的找到答案。

  如:

  题目:Children of average ability seem to need more direction from teachers because they do not have _______.

  原文:There appears to be a qualitative difference in the way the intellectually highly able think, compared with more average-ability or older pupils, for whom external regulation by the teacher often compensates for lack of internal regulation.

  这个题目原文的句子对于有些考生来讲,应该难度挺难,不太好理解,但是,只要你注意并且识别同义替换, do not have= lack of,这样就可以做出答案了,答案是:internal regulation.

  但是,阅读考试中的所有同义替换有很多种方式替换的。

  举例1:关于一件事情或观点,95%的人agree, 5%的disagree。 如果你能这样改:Themajority of people agree..., 说明你的词汇量还是很不错的。但是,雅思考官的“雅思语言”很可能是这样呈现的: The overwhelming consensus is that....

  关于consensus,我们阅读班的词汇串讲讲过,这个单词从后往前看:us(我们)+sense(感觉,感知)+con(一致;一起):就是“共识”的意思。“雅思语言”呈现出来就是:压倒性的共识是...

  举例2:关于一个发展变化:such developments have been criticised as..., but the success of other similar development suggests that the majority of the public does not share this opinion.

  如果要改写这句话,雅思考官会这样改写的:Mixed views on the the change... 这里的mixed views到下次改写的时候,还有可能被考官改写成:conflicting views,或是 opposing views about sth.

  举例3:原文: We may envy geniuses’ achievement and fame, but we should also recognize the price they have paid in terms of perseverance, single-mindedness, dedication, restrictions on their personal lives, the demands upon their energies and time, and how often they had to display great courage
to preserve their integrity or to make their way to the top.

  你以为考官在改写的时候,会一个词一个词的把上面的句子都改写一遍吗?当然不会,你以为雅思考官傻吗?雅思考官的“雅思语言”直接这样:Geniuses often pay a high price to achieve greatness. 这是一种类似summary样的同义替换方式,“雅思语言”的这个特点,你get到了吗?

  对雅思语言的不熟悉是导致考生拿到低分的原因,如:California has replaced a range of firefighting tools. (判断题)

  这个判断题很多考生判断为NOT GIVEN,因为考生在文中读烂也没有发现tools这个词,就判断为NG。文中是有对应点的,“雅思语言”是这样呈现的:California state promises to provide more up-to-date engines, planes, and helicopters to fight fires have been fulfilled.题目中的firefighting tools其实考官同义替换了engines, planes, and helicopters 这些可以灭火的工具,这是一种上下义词之间的同义替换,“雅思语言”的这个特点,需要大家多加注意哦

更多+ 推荐新闻